The Grand Slam in tennis is the achievement of winning all four major championships in one discipline in the same calendar year, also referred to as the "Calendar-year Grand Slam" or "Calendar Slam". In doubles, a team may accomplish the Grand Slam playing together or a player may achieve it with different partners.
Grand Slam is commonly misused to describe any one of the four major tournaments. In 1938, Don Budge became the first tennis player to win the four major championships in one year and, thus, capture the Grand Slam. According to Bud Collins' Ultimate Tennis Encyclopedia, "The closest anyone had come to a sweep had occurred five years earlier, when Australian Jack Crawford won the first three and faced Fred Perry in the final of the U.S. Championships.
1938 - Donald BUDGE, USA - the first person, who won four major tennis tournamens in one year. Australian Open. Donald BUDGE. John BROMWICH. 6-4, 6-2, 6-1.
Winning the gold medal at the Summer Olympic Games in addition to the four majors in a one calendar year is known as a "Golden Grand Slam" or more commonly the "Golden Slam". Also, winning the Year-End Championship (known as ATP World Tour Finals for men's singles and doubles disciplines, and WTA Tour Championships for both women's disciplines) in the same period is known as "SUPER SLAM ".
The Grand Slam tournaments are the annual four major tennis events played in the Open era, which began in 1968, superseding the Amateur Era. The Australian and U.S. tournaments were officially recognized by the ILTF in 1924, and the French Championships followed a year later in 1925 when it became open to all international players.
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Among the ladies, only Maureen Connolly (in 1953), Margaret Smith Court (in 1970) and Steffi Graf (in 1988) managed to win all four grand slam tournaments in a same year. The German is also the only one, men and women alike, to have accomplished this feat on four different surfaces.
It is held from the last week of May to the first week of June annually. The tournament is held in a complex named Stade Roland Garros which comprises of red & gritty clay tennis courts. The French Open is the 2nd Grand Slam of the calendar year and is the only tournament of the four grand slams to be held on clay.
French Open from late May to early June. Wimbledon in June-July. US Open in August-September. Like other Grand Slam variations, the Grand Slam requires that the player win the four championships in a single discipline – singles, doubles, mixed doubles, or wheelchair tennis.
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